Cosmetics refers to a wide range of products used to care for skin, hair, nails and the oral cavity. With their help, a person’s appearance is adjusted, freshness is given to the body and face. Some cosmetics are used for medicinal purposes. According to their purpose, all cosmetics are divided into 2 large groups:
- for care;
- for decorative purposes.
By their use, cosmetics are divided into products for cleansing, nutrition, coloring, etc. A separate group of products is natural cosmetics.
The second mandatory document for certain types of cosmetic products is the SGR.
State registration of cosmetic products. SGR on cosmetics and cosmetics
4 practical steps for certification of cosmetics
Certification of cosmetics is the process of confirming the quality and safety of cosmetic products in accordance with the current standards of the Russian Federation.
In collaboration with us, the process consists of several key steps:
- Free consultation, selection of necessary documents for registration, assistance in selecting a design scheme;
- Preparation and provision of all necessary documentation, as well as product samples, to certification experts of the “Sphere” CA, conclusion of an agreement;
- Conducting laboratory research and product testing with obtaining an independent authoritative assessment of the test results + test reports;
- Based on test reports, making a decision on the issuance of documents or refusal (in case the product does not certify legal requirements);
- Printing documents, sending scans to the customer, entering into a single register, sending documents by courier.
The procedure can be carried out according to various schemes, the choice of which depends on the duration of the certificate or declaration.
List of products related to cosmetics
The range of cosmetics is very extensive. It includes products related to perfumes, hygiene products and decorative cosmetics. According to the existing version of the EEC, perfumes and cosmetics include:
- cleaning agents;
- makeup products;
- refreshing products.
According to the OKP classifier, which is based on the features of the production technology, the PKT group includes:
- colognes and fragrant waters;
- perfumes and essential oils;
- cosmetic products.
In trade, cosmetic products are divided into small groups of goods:
- face and hand skin care products;
- hair products;
- means for teeth and oral cavity;
- decorative products.
Cosmetic products may be in solid, liquid, and powder form. Individual product groups are available in aerosol form.
The declaration of conformity for cosmetics, confirming the quality and safety of cosmetic products for the consumer, is a mandatory document in Russia and the EAEU.
In 2012, the Technical Regulations of the Customs Union came into force, which determined the mandatory procedure for declaring the conformity of quality and safety of perfumes and cosmetics. It is carried out according to TR CU 009/2011. You can go through the procedure of mandatory declaration or voluntary certification in accredited standardization centers.
Current legislation provides the right to receive it to producers, sellers and importers of products if the product meets the accepted requirements of the norm.
Additionally, at the request of the entrepreneur, after receiving the required quality documents for cosmetic products, you can voluntarily issue a certificate of conformity in the GOST R system.
Declarations of TR CU are not certified by the seal of standardization bodies, unlike Declarations drawn up in the GOST R system. Depending on the chosen declaration scheme, the validity period of a document can have a validity period of 1 year to 5 years.
The Declaration on Cosmetics indicates:
The right to conduct the procedure for declaring cosmetic products in the country is reserved only to its residents.
Cosmetic Safety Requirements
The list of requirements for the quality and safety of cosmetics is defined in the current Technical Regulations of the TS. They are presented:
- o the composition of cosmetics;
- to the content of certain substances in the finished product and raw materials going to the production of products;
- to the physical properties of the goods;
- to microbiological indicators and the content of toxins in cosmetics.
Special requirements in the regulations apply to product labeling, packaging intended for them. Particular attention is paid to clinical trials of products and their compliance with sanitary and hygienic standards. Quality control of cosmetics is carried out not only by standardization bodies, but also by independent international organizations.
Labeling requirements for cosmetic products
Labeling requirements for cosmetic products are defined in TR CU 009/2011. It must contain the name of the product and the Technical Regulations in accordance with which the products are manufactured. Mandatory for placement on the product label is information on the composition of the product, manufacturer, storage conditions and product safety.
Cosmetic certification steps
The certification procedure for cosmetic products begins with the preparation of technical documentation. Before applying for product certification, a number of steps must be taken. They boil down to obtaining SGR. For medicinal types of cosmetics, a registration certificate of the Ministry of Health is issued.
After receiving these documents, the manufacturer of the products carries out the procedure of mandatory declaration of conformity of quality and safety. Only after this can you apply to the standardization bodies with a statement on the issuance of the certificate.
After submitting the application, a service agreement is concluded and payment is made. Product samples submitted to accredited standardization centers undergo laboratory tests and studies, and documents undergo legal examination. Based on their results, a decision is made to issue a certificate. Its data are entered in the Unified State Register.
Documents required for certification
The composition of the set of documents intended for the certification procedure for cosmetic products depends on the chosen certification scheme.
The main documents are:
- papers disclosing full information about the declarant;
- technical instructions, conditions, formulations;
- label sketch;
As additional documents, standardization bodies may request supply contracts, certificates for products with expired validity periods, etc.